Brakes: One of the most important parts of your vehicle, these devices ensure that your car can stop. There are many types of brakes, and the vehicle you drive will determine which you use.
- Drum Brakes – Often found on older vehicles, these brakes function by applying friction to the sides of a metal cylinder. The shape of these devices is similar to a drum, which is how they got the name “drum brakes.”
- Disc Brakes – This is the most common type of brake. Using a caliper equipped with pistons and brake pads, this type of brake compresses the pads into a disc attached to the axle of the wheel. This applies friction that slows the wheel down, allowing you to stop.
- Emergency Brakes – This secondary braking system provides stopping power when the other braking systems on your vehicle fail. These systems usually use cables to mechanically force your wheels to stop turning.
- Anti-Lock Brake – This is a system that prevents your brakes from locking up and skidding. These systems are electronically controlled on most modern vehicles. They tend to improve stopping distance as well as improve stopping traction on slippery roads.